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Robert Frost Biography
Robert Lee Frost was an American poet. His work was initially published in England before it was published in American. Known for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech, Lee frequently wrote about settings from rural life in New England in the early twentieth century, using them to examine the complex social and philosophical themes.
Lee was honored frequently during his lifetime and is the only poet to receive four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry. Roberts became one of America’s rare “public literary figures, almost an artistic institution.” Lee was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1960 for his poetic works. On July 22, 1961, Frost was named poet laureate of Vermont.
Robert Frost Age
Lee was born on March 26, 1874, in San Francisco, California, the U.S died with the age 89 years old.
Robert Frost Early Years
He was born on March 26, 1874, in San Francisco, California. Lee spent the first 11 years of his life there, until his journalist father, William Prescott Frost Jr., died of tuberculosis. Following his father’s passing, He moved with his mother and sister, Jeanie, to the town of Lawrence, Massachusetts. They moved in with his grandparents and he attended Lawrence High School, where he met his future love and wife, Elinor White, who was his co-valedictorian when they graduated in 1892.
After high school, Lee attended Dartmouth College for several months, returning home to work a slew of unfulfilling jobs. In 1894, Frost had his first poem, “My Butterfly: an Elegy,” published in The Independent, a weekly literary journal based in New York City. With this success, Lee proposed to Elinor, who was attending St. Lawrence University, but she turned him down because she first wanted to finish school. Frost then decided to leave on a trip to Virginia, and when he returned, he proposed again.
circa 1963: Portrait of American poet Robert Frost (1874 – 1963), sitting in front of a globe backdrop for a television program about freedom of the press. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
By then, Elinor had graduated from college, and she accepted. They married on December 19, 1895, and had their first child, Elliot, in 1896. Beginning in 1897, He attended Harvard University but had to drop out after two years due to health concerns. He returned to Lawrence to join his wife, who was now pregnant with their second child, daughter Lesley (1899). In 1900, He moved with his wife and children to a farm in New Hampshire—a property that Frost’s grandfather had purchased for them—and they attempted to make a living on it for the next 12 years. Though it was a fruitful time for Frost’s writing, it was a difficult period in his personal life.
His firstborn son, Elliot, died of cholera in 1900. After his death, Elinor gave birth to four more children: son Carol (1902), who would commit suicide in 1940; Irma (1903), who later developed mental illness; Marjorie (1905), who died in her late 20s after giving birth; and Elinor (1907), who died just weeks after she was born. Additionally, during that time, Lee and Elinor attempted several endeavors, including poultry farming, all of which were fairly unsuccessful.
Robert Frost Poems
Despite such challenges, it was during this time that Frost acclimated himself to rural life. In fact, Lee grew to depict it quite well and began setting many of his poems in the countryside. But while two of these, “The Tuft of Flowers” and “The Trial by Existence,” would be published in 1906, he could not find any publishers who were willing to underwrite his other poems.
In 1912, Roberts and Elinor decided to sell the farm in New Hampshire and moved the family to England, where they hoped there would be more publishers willing to take a chance on new poets. Within just a few months, he, now 38, found a publisher who would print his first book of poems, A Boy’s Will, followed by North of Boston a year later. It was at this time that Lee met fellow poets Ezra Pound and Edward Thomas, two men who would affect his life in significant ways.
Pound and Thomas were the first to review his work in a favorable light, as well as provide significant encouragement. He credited Thomas’s long walks over the English landscape as the inspiration for one of his most famous poems, “The Road Not Taken.” Apparently, Thomas’s indecision and regret regarding what paths to take inspired Roberts work. The time He spent in England was one of the most significant periods in his life, but it was short-lived. Shortly after World War, I broke out in August 1914, He and Elinor were forced to return to America.
Robert Frost Public Recognition For Poetry
When he arrived back home, his reputation had preceded him, and he was well-received by the literary world. His new publisher, Henry Holt, who would remain with him for the rest of his life, had purchased all of the copies of North of Boston, and in 1916, Lee published Frost’s Mountain Interval, a collection of other works that Frost created while in England, including a tribute to Thomas. Journals such as the Atlantic Monthly, who had turned Frost down when Frost submitted work earlier, now came calling. He famously sent the Atlantic the same poems that they had rejected before his stay in England.
In 1915, He and Elinor settled down on a farm that they purchased in Franconia, New Hampshire. There, Lee began a long career as a teacher at several colleges, reciting poetry to eager crowds and writing all the while. Frost taught at Dartmouth and the University of Michigan at various times, but his most significant association was with Amherst College, where Lee taught steadily during the period from 1916 to 1938, and where the main library is now named in his honor.
For a period of more than 40 years beginning in 1921, Lee also spent almost every summer and fall at Middlebury College, teaching English on its campus in Ripton, Vermont. During his lifetime, Roberts would receive more than 40 honorary degrees, and in 1924, Frost was awarded his first of four Pulitzer Prizes, for his book New Hampshire. Lee would subsequently win Pulitzers for Collected Poems (1931), A Further Range (1937) and A Witness Tree (1943).
Amidst these successes, His family was dealt another tragic blow when Elinor died in 1938. Diagnosed with cancer in 1937 and has undergone surgery, she also had had a long history of heart trouble, to which she ultimately succumbed. The same year as his wife’s death, He left his teaching position at Amherst College.
Roberts Frost Literary Legacy
In the late 1950s, Lee along with Ernest Hemingway and T. S. Eliot championed the release of his old acquaintance Ezra Pound, who was being held in a federal mental hospital for treason due to his involvement with fascists in Italy during World War II. The pound was released in 1958 after the indictments were dropped.
In 1960, Congress awarded Roberts the Congressional Gold Medal. A year later, at the age of 86, He was honored when asked to write and recite a poem for President John F. Kennedy’s inauguration. His sight now failing, Lee was not able to see the words in the sunlight and substituted the reading of one of his poems, “The Gift Outright,” which Frost had committed to memory.
In 1962, Roberts visited the Soviet Union on a goodwill tour. However, when Lee accidentally misrepresented a statement made by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev following their meeting, Frost unwittingly undid much of the good intended by his visit. On January 29, 1963, Roberts died from complications related to prostate surgery. Frost was survived by two of his daughters, Lesley and Irma, and his ashes are interred in a family plot in Bennington, Vermont.
Roberts Frost Death
He died on January 29, 1963, in Boston as a result of the complications from prostate surgery. Frost was buried at the Old Bennington Cemetery in Bennington, Vermont.