What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)is a new strain of coronaviruses that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans. According to WHO Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
The common signs of infection include; fever, cough, respiratory symptoms, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
To prevent infection spread the standard recommendations include; regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
CoronaVirus (COVID-19) Origin
Hopkinsmedicine.org reported that the COVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. According to early conspiracy, the virus may be linked to a seafood market in Chinese City. It is said that some people who went shopping at the market developed viral pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus.
According to research released on January 25, 2020, individuals with the first reported case became ill at the beginning of December 2019 and had no link to the said seafood market. However, thorough investigations are being conducted as to how this virus originated and how it spread globally.
How Does Coronavirus Spread?
COVID-19 is spread mainly from person to person. This happens when droplets produced by an infected person coughs or sneezes land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into their lungs. The virus can also be spread from contact with infected surfaces or objects. One can get infected by COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose, or their eyes.
The virus that causes COVID-19 has also been detected in the faecal matter after 39 days in some people thereby the possibility of the infection being transmitted through food by an infected person who has not thoroughly washed their hands cannot be ruled out at this time.
How Long Does Coronavirus Last?
A report published on March 11, 2020, the virus can remain viable in the air for up to 3 hours, on copper for up to 4 hours, on cardboard up to 24 hours and on plastic and stainless steel up to 2 to 3 days. In February, a study which analyzed several previously published papers on human coronaviruses concluded that if the new coronavirus resembles other human coronaviruses such as the ones that cause SARS and MERS, it can stay on surfaces — such as metal, glass or plastic — for as long as nine days. But some of them don’t remain active for as long at temperatures higher than 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius).
What To Do To Prevent Coronavirus
- Clean your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. Use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol, if soap and water are not readily available.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- When you cough or sneeze cover your mouth and nose with a tissue and throw it away in the trash or use the inside of your elbow.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
- Wear a facemask if you are sick and are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office.
Does Face Mask Help Prevent COVID-19
Face masks are not recommended for the people without respiratory illness as they do not fit tightly and this may allow tiny infected droplets to get into the nose, mouth or eyes. Also, people with the virus on their hands who touch their face under a mask might become infected.
Health care workers may, however, put on certain models of professional, tight-fitting respirators (such as the N95) to protect themselves as they care for infected patients. People with respiratory illness can also wear face masks to lessen their chance of infecting others.
10 common COVID-19 symptoms
1. Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath isn’t typically an early symptom of COVID-19, but it’s far the maximum serious. It can occur on its own, without a cough. If your chest turns into tight or you begin to experience as in case you cannot breathe deeply sufficient to fill your lungs with air, it truly is a signal to act quickly, experts say. The CDC lists different emergency warning symptoms for COVID-19 as a “chronic ache or pressure within the chest,” and “bluish lips or face,” which can suggest a loss of oxygen. Get medical interest immediately, the CDC says.
Fever is a key sign of COVID-19. Because some people can have a core body temperature lower or higher than the every day 98.6 levels Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius), specialists say not to fixate on a number.
Most children and adults, however, will now not be taken into consideration feverish till their temperature reaches 100 tiers Fahrenheit (37.7 stages Celsius). One is instead, take your temperature inside the overdue afternoon and early evening.
3. Dry Cough
Coughing is another common symptom, however, it’s not simply any cough. It’s not a tickle to your throat. You’re now not simply clearing your throat. It’s not simply irritating. The cough is bothersome, a dry cough that you are feeling deep to your chest. It’s coming from your breastbone or sternum, and you may tell that your bronchial tubes are inflamed or irritated.
A record placed out with the aid of the World Health Organization in February found over 33% of 55,924 human beings with laboratory-confirmed instances of COVID-19 had coughed up sputum, a thick mucus sometimes referred to as phlegm, from their lungs.
4. Chills and frame aches
Not every person will have one of these intense reactions, specialists say. Some may haven’t any chills or frame aches at all. Others can also enjoy milder flu-like chills, fatigue and achy joints and muscles, which can make it difficult to realize if it is flu or coronavirus it is to blame. One feasible sign which you may have COVID-19 is if your signs do not enhance after every week or so however worsen.
5. Sudden confusion
Speaking of worsening symptoms, the CDC says a surprising confusion or an inability to awaken and be alert may be an extreme signal that emergency care can be needed. If you or a cherished one has those signs and symptoms, especially with other vital symptoms like bluish lips, problem respiration or chest pain, the CDC says to are searching for assistance immediately.
6. Digestive problems
At first, science failed to think diarrhoea or other usual gastric troubles that regularly come with the flu implemented to the novel coronavirus, additionally referred to as SARS-CoV-2. As more studies on survivors will become available, that opinion has changed.
In a have a look at out of China where they looked at a number of the earliest patients, a few 200 sufferers, they observed that digestive or stomach GI (gastrointestinal) signs and symptoms were there in about 1/2 the patients. They have a look at described a unique subset of milder cases wherein the initial signs were digestive troubles including diarrhoea, regularly without fever. Those sufferers skilled delays in checking out and analysis than sufferers with respiratory issues, and that they took longer to clean the virus from their systems.
7. Pink eye
Research from China, South Korea and different elements of the sector indicate that approximately 1% to 3% of human beings with COVID-19 additionally had conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye. Conjunctivitis, a particularly contagious situation when because of a virus, is an inflammation of the thin, obvious layer of tissue, known as the conjunctiva, that covers the white part of the eye and the internal of the eyelid. But SARS-CoV-2 is just one among many viruses that can cause conjunctivitis, so it came as no real marvel to scientists that this newly determined virus might do the same.
Still, a pink or purple eye might be one greater signal which you must name your medical doctor in case you also produce other telltale symptoms of COVID-19, which include fever, cough or shortness of breath.
8. Loss of smell and flavour
In mild to mild cases of coronavirus, a lack of odour and flavour is emerging as certainly one of the most unusual early symptoms of COVID-19. Anosmia, in particular, has been seen in patients, in the long run, trying out fine for the coronavirus with no other symptoms. A recent evaluation of milder instances in South Korea determined the essential offering symptom in 30% of patients changed into a loss of odour. In Germany, greater than two in three confirmed instances had anosmia.
It has long been known inside the medical literature that a sudden loss of odour may be related to respiratory infections due to different kinds of coronaviruses, so it wasn’t a wonder that the novel coronavirus could have this effect.
For a few humans, severe fatigue can be an early sign of the unconventional coronavirus. The WHO report observed nearly 40% of the almost 6,000 humans with laboratory-confirmed cases experienced fatigue.
Fatigue can also keep long after the virus is gone. Anecdotal reviews from humans who have recovered from COVID-19 say exhaustion and shortage of electricity hold nicely past the standard restoration length of some weeks.
10. Headache, sore throat, congestion
The WHO record additionally observed nearly 14% of the almost 6,000 cases of COVID-19 in China had symptoms of headache and sore throat, while almost 5% had nasal congestion.
Certainly no longer the most commonplace signs of the disease, but just like colds and flu. Many signs and symptoms of COVID-19 can resemble the flu, including complications and the previously stated digestive troubles, frame aches and fatigue. Still, different symptoms can resemble a cold or allergies, such as a sore throat and congestion. Most likely, professionals say, you have a chilly or the flu — after all, they can purpose fever and cough too.
So what should you do?
If you have symptoms that are similar to the cold and the flu and these are mild symptoms to moderate symptoms, stay at home and try to manage them” with rest, hydration and the use of fever-reducing medications.
That advice does not apply if you are over age 60 since immune systems weaken as we age or if you are pregnant. Anyone with concerns about coronavirus should call their healthcare provider, according to the CDC.
It’s unclear whether pregnant women have a greater chance of getting severely ill from coronavirus, but the CDC has said that women experience changes in their bodies during pregnancy that may increase their risk of some infections.
In general, COVID-19 infections are riskier if you have underlying health conditions such as diabetes, chronic lung disease or asthma, heart failure or heart disease, sickle cell anaemia, cancer (or are undergoing chemotherapy), kidney disease with dialysis, a body mass index (BMI) over 40 (extremely obese) or an autoimmune disorder.
Older patients and individuals who have underlying medical conditions or are immunocompromised should contact their physician early in the course of even mild illness.
People under 60 with underlying illnesses, with diabetes, heart disease, immunocompromised or have any kind of lung disease previously, those people are more vulnerable despite their younger age.
A history of travel to an area where the novel coronavirus is widespread (and those parts of the world, including the US, are going up each day) is another key factor in deciding if your symptoms may be COVID-19 or not.
Common day-to-day body condition of a person with COVID-19 infection.
Days 1 to 3:
1. Symptoms are almost similar to a common cold.
2. Slight sore throat.
3. No fever, no tiredness, normal appetite.
1. Slight sore throat, body ache.
2. Hoarse voice.
3. Body temperature around 36.5⁰C.
4. Slight loss in appetite.
5. Slight headache.
6. Minor diarrhoea or indigestion.
1. Sore throat, hoarse voice.
2. Slight fever, between 36.5 to 36.7⁰C
3. Body weak body, joint pain.
1. Slight fever, around 37 ° C.
2. Cough accompanied by mucus or dry cough.
3. Sore throat when eating, talking or swallowing.
4. Fatigue, nausea.
5. Occasional breathing difficulty.
6. Pain in fingers
7. Diarrhoea, vomit.
1. Fever higher, between 37.4-37.8⁰C.
2. Cough with sputum.
3. Body ache and headache.
4. Diarrhoea is more severe.
1. Fever between 38°C or higher.
2. Breathing difficulties, chest heavy.
3. Cough continuously.
4. Headache, joint pain and hip pain.
1. Symptoms worsen.
2. Fever higher.
3. Cough more persistent, more severe.
4. Breathing difficult and laborious.
At this time, blood tests and X-ray examinations of the lungs are required.
How to make a CDC Approved Face Mask without to prevent spread of COVID-19
Method 1: Making a mask without a clear-out(T-Shirt)
What You’ll Need:
- Tightly knit cotton material, like a T-shirt. (A headscarf can work. The fabric needs to be big sufficient to fold several times and cowl your nostril and mouth.)
- Two rubber bands or hair tiesHow to Assemble It:
- Cut straight horizontally throughout 7-eight inches from the bottom of a T-shirt. Lay the material out flat in front of you and flip it so the side that used to be the bottom of the T-shirt (it’s usually double stitched) is facing left or right.
- Fold it from the bottom to the centre, and from the top to the centre. Repeat this step 1 2nd time.
- Loop a rubber band or hair tie around each end (left and right), leaving some inches of fabric, so every aspect seems like a candy wrapper.
- Fold the excess fabric over the band, with every side meeting within the centre, adding some other layer to the masks.
- Put a band over each ear, making sure the fabric is in shape snugly for your face. The stress to your face needs to maintain the material and rubber bands in place.
Method 2: Making a mask with a filter(Bandana)
What You’ll Need:
- cone espresso clear out
- Two rubber bands or hair ties
How to make It:
- Fold the bandana rectangular in half.
- Cut the coffee clear out horizontally across the centre.
- Place the wide section of the filter out within the centre of the folded bandana.
- Fold the lowest of the bandana up to the centre, protecting the filter out, and fold the top down over it again.
- Loop a rubber band or hair tie around every end (left and right), leaving a few inches of fabric, so each facet seems like a sweet wrapper.
- Fold the sides over the band so they meet inside the middle and tuck them together.
- Put a band over every ear, ensuring the cloth is suit snugly to your face. The stress in your face needs to hold the cloth and rubber bands in place.
This mask makes use of a coffee filter within the centre of layered bandana cloth to provide some protection.
Things to avoid while using a face mask
- Do not buy and hoard medical masks. Health care experts are already dealing with a devastating scarcity in supplies, and we need to now not use a protective mask that ill sufferers and fitness care workers can also need.
- Do now not positioned a face mask on children underneath 2 years old—or each person who has trouble respiration or is probably unable to dispose of the mask themselves.
- Do not put off masks through its mouth area. Grab it using the straps. Wash your hands after touching it.
- Do now not just wear a widespread bandana or scarf. Follow the instructions underneath to create a mask that has a couple of layers and extra tightly covers your face.