Boris Johnson Biography

Boris Johnson [Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson] is a British politician, journalist, and popular historian. He became a prominent figure in the successful campaign for Vote Leave to withdraw the UK from the European Union in 2016. Alexander became a Foreign Secretary under the leadership of Theresa May. Later Boris resigned criticizing May’s approach to Brexit and the Chequers Agreement. Johnson is a controversial figure in British politics and journalism. Supporters praise him as a fun, humorous, and popular figure with appeal beyond traditional Conservative voters.

Boris Johnson Age And Early life

Johnson was born on 19 June 1964 in Manhattan New York City USA. His birth was registered with both the US authorities and the city’s British Consulate. thereby granting him both American and British citizenship.

In 1969, the family settled into Stanley’s family farm at Nethercote, near Winsford in Exmoor. There, Johnson gained his first experiences with fox hunting. In April 1969 Johnson schooled at the Winsford Village School. Later he returned to London to settle in Primrose Hill.

Ashdown House preparatory boarding school in 1973. Eton College awarded Johnson a King’s Scholarship to study. The elite independent boarding school in Eton, Berkshire. Arriving in the autumn term of 1977. Johnson won a scholarship to read Literae Humaniores, a four-year course, at Balliol College, Oxford.

Johnson graduated from College with an upper second-class degree. Having specialized in the study of ancient literature and classical philosophy.

Boris Johnson  MP-Constituency

Boris Johnson

Conservative Party member Boris Johnson, is the member of parliament [MP]representing Uxbridge and South Ruislip. Johnson represented the constituency established in 2010. In the house of commons since 2015.  From 13 July 2016 until his resignation on 9 July 2018. He also served as Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary.

The MP is best known for serving from 2008-16 as London’s Mayor. Following his resignation, he went back to being a backbencher in parliament. His political journey dates back to 1993, Johnson outlined his desire to stand as a Conservative candidate in the European Parliament (MEP) elections of 1994. He got rejected as the Conservative candidate for Holborn and St. Pancras.

Subsequently, he turned his attention to obtaining a seat in the United Kingdom House of Commons. He was selected as the party’s candidate for Clwyd South in North Wales. He obtained 9,091 votes (23 %) in the 1997 general election after six weeks of campaigning. Losing to the labor candidate. On Michael Heseltine’s retirement,  Boris decided to stand as a Conservative candidate for Henley.

In the 2001 general election, Johnson boosted by his television fame won as the Conservative candidate for the constituency. Winning with a majority of 8,500 votes. He attended social events in Henley regularly and sometimes wrote for the Henley Standard. He got appointed to Parliament as a standing committee. Given the task of evaluating the Crime Bill’s proceeds.

He usually backed the line of the Conservative Party, although in this period he rebelled against it five times. Reflecting a more socially liberal attitude towards many colleagues; he voted to repeal Section 28. Also backed the 2004 Gender Recognition Act. Boris voted in favor of the government’s plans to join the United States in the 2003 Iraq invasion.

Mr. Johnson visited Baghdad in April 2003. He backed unsuccessful war-related impeachment proceedings. Against Prime Minister Tony Blair in August 2004. For “high crimes and misdeeds” and described the invasion as “a colossal mistake and misadventure” in December 2006.

Johnson backed Kenneth Clarke after William Hague’s resignation as Conservative leader. Regarding Clarke as the only candidate able to win a general election. Iain Duncan Smith was selected, though but was removed from his position in November 2003. And replaced by Michael Howard; Howard considered Johnson to be the most popular Conservative politician.

He appointed him vice-president of the party, responsible for overseeing his election campaign. Johnson was re-elected for Henley in the 2005 general election. Raising his majority to 12,793. Labor won the election, and Howard stood down as Conservative leader; as his successor, Boris backed David Cameron.

Cameron appointed Johnson as the shadow minister of higher education. Recognizing his popularity among students. Interested in streamlining the funding of universities, The former mayor supported the proposed additional fees from Labor. The University Freshers ‘ Week used his image in September 2006. In pro-conservative’ Boris needs you’ and’ I Love Boris ‘ material.

Johnson campaigned in 2006 to become the Rector of Edinburgh University. His support for top-up fees damaged his campaign and he came third. In March 2007, he proposed to stand in the 2008 mayoral election as the Conservative candidate for London Mayor.

Most Conservatives did not take him seriously and favored Nick Boles. Johnson gained the support of Cameron after Boles withdrew. He announced his candidacy in July. He won in the September election in May 2008. A turnout of approximately 45 percent, with Johnson receiving 43.2 percent and Livingstone receiving 3 percent of first-preference votes.

Johnson proved victorious with 53.2 percent over Livingstone’s 46.8 percent when second-preference votes were added. In Conservative strongholds such as Bexley and Bromley, Johnson benefited from a large voter turnout. Having secured the largest personal election mandate in the United Kingdom.

When he announced his resignation to Henley as MP,  members and constituents of Henley’s party felt abandoned. They were angered by his decision. Settling into the mayoral offices at City Hall, Johnson’s first official engagement was an appearance at the Sikh celebrations for Vaisakhi in Trafalgar Square. His first policy initiative, issued that month, was a ban on drinking alcohol on public transport.

He received criticism during the early weeks of his administration, largely because he was late for two official functions in his first week on the job. Also because after three weeks he embarked on a holiday to Turkey. In July 2008 Johnson visited the closing ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Where he offended his Chinese hosts with his attire.

Rather than bringing a team of assistants with him to the job as Livingstone had done, Johnson built his team over the following six months. Those in City Hall who were deemed too closely allied to Livingstone’s administration had their employment terminated.

Johnson appointed Tim Parker to be the first Deputy Mayor.  After Parker began taking increasing control at City Hall and insisted that all staff report directly to him, Johnson sacked him. As a result of these problems, many in the Conservative Party initially distanced themselves from Johnson’s administration, fearing that it would be counter-productive to achieving a Conservative victory in the 2010 general election.

Johnson initially denied that, while remaining mayor, he would return to the House of Commons. After a lot of media speculation, however, he sought selection at the 2015 general election as the Conservative candidate for the safe seat of Uxbridge and South Ruislip. In August 2014  was selected as the candidate of the party. Johnson was elected MP at the May 2015 general election.

Boris Johnson Brexit

Johnson endorsed Vote Leave in the 2016 “Out” campaign, for the UK membership referendum of the European Union in February 2016. He called Cameron’s warnings about leaving “much over-exaggerated.” Following this announcement, which financial markets interpreted as making Brexit more likely, the pound sterling slumped by nearly 2% to its lowest level since March 2009.

When Obama urged the UK to remain in the EU, Johnson alleged that the President was in part motivated by anti-British sentiment caused by his Kenyan ancestry. Several Labor and Liberal Democrat politicians condemned the comments as racist and unacceptable.

This led to, a King’s College London student society revoke an invitation to speak to him. In contrast, both UK Independence Party (UKIP) leader Nigel Farage and Conservative Iain Duncan Smith defended his comments. Boris further supported the statement by Vote Leave that the government was committed as soon as possible to Turkish accession to the EU.

This was a counter to the IN campaign that Turkey’ is not and should not be a problem in this referendum.’ The charge was that VoteLeave implied that 80 million Turks would come to the UK if it remained in the EU. However, he denied mentioning Turkey during the campaign when he was interviewed during the crucial Parliamentary Brexit debates on June 22, 2016.

He also said 23 June could be “Britain’s Independence Day” in a televised debate in front of a Wembley Arena audience of 6,000. David Cameron, the British Prime Minister at the time, specifically addressed Johnson’s claim, stating publicly: “The idea that our country is not independent is nonsense.

Cameron resigned as Conservative leader and prime minister after the “Leave” campaign victory. Johnson was widely regarded as the front runner to succeed him. Johnson, however, announced that he would not stand in the election of the Conservative leadership. Shortly before, Michael Gove—a Johnson ally—concluded that Johnson “cannot provide the leadership or build the team for the task ahead.

Boris Johnson Foreign Secretary

After Theresa May became the leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister, she appointed Johnson Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs in July 2016. Analysts saw the appointment as a tactic for politically weakening Johnson.

The new positions of “Brexit Secretary” and Secretary of International Trade left the Foreign Secretary as a few-powered figurehead. The appointment of Johnson ensured that he would often be out of the country. Unable to organize and mobilize backbenchers against her.

Including also forcing him to take responsibility for the problems caused by withdrawal from the EU. Some journalists and foreign politicians criticized Johnson’s appointment. Because of his history of controversial statements. Johnson, together with Brexit Secretary David Davis, resigned his post in July 2018, three days after the cabinet had its meeting at Chequers to agree on a Brexit strategy.

Boris Johnson Speech

By resigning as Foreign Secretary, Johnson returned to the role of a backbench MP. In July, Johnson delivered a resignation speech. Stating that ministers were “saying one thing to the EU about what we are really doing, and pretending another to the electorate”. In it, he said that “it is not too late to save Brexit. We have time in these negotiations. We have changed tack once and we can change once again”.

Boris Johnson Prime Minister-News

The bookmaker sees Former Foreign Minister as the favorite. Having received nominations from former Secretary of Defense Gavin Williamson and Tory lawmaker, Johnny Mercer for a leadership bid. With betting markets suggesting a 40% implied likelihood of winning the top job.

In British politics, it’s all over again in 2016. The prospect of a humiliating poll defeat. This time the European elections — forced the resignation of Britain’s prime minister and leader of the Conservative Party. Former mayor Boris, Andrea Leadsom and, quite possibly, Michael Gove are among the contestants to assume the throne. How is it that the same politicians, defeated in a rather humiliating manner only three years ago, are still plausible?.

Especially in the case of Johnson, considered the most likely — candidates to lead the country through one of its most challenging periods? Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron resigned in June 2016. When the referendum on the membership of Britain in the European Union did not go his way.

You will remember that the country voted for Brexit narrowly. Giving the win to “leave” campaigners. What followed was a Conservative Party leadership contest in which the most prominent candidates fell in series. Boris Johnson is considered the front runner then and now.

Boris Johnson Heathrow

On June 25, 2018, fellow Conservative MPs sharply criticized Johnson, for missing the crunch vote on Heathrow’s expansion; by flying out of the country on an official visit to Afghanistan. The foreign secretary claimed that resigning from his opposition to the £ 14bn project, backed by the Commons with 415 votes to 119 – a 296 majority.

However, on the day of the vote, he faced disdain from colleagues for choosing to travel to Kabul to avoid choosing between his cabinet job and his long-standing opposition to the project, which is now facing a legal challenge.

Boris Johnson Obama

Johnson criticized US President Barack Obama and suggested that his attitude towards Britain might be based on his “part-Kenyan” heritage and “ancestral dislike of the British empire.” Mr. Johnson suggested that President Obama remove the Oval Office’s bust of Winston Churchill because of his race. The attack came to support the Remain campaign on the eve of a presidential visit to the United Kingdom.

The outgoing Mayor of London recounted inThe Sun newspaper in a written column a story about a Winston Churchill bust allegedly being removed from White House.”Some said Britain was a snub. Some said it was a symbol of the ancestral dislike of the British Empire by the part-Kenyan president–of which Churchill was such a fervent advocate, “he wrote.

For referring to his “part-Kenyan ancestry” during the referendum campaign, Barack Obama called Boris Johnson the British version of Donald Trump. The “racially-tinged” remark annoyed President Obama. Echoing attacks by US Republicans, according to Ben Rhodes. Deputy national security adviser to PresidentObama; told the podcast of the Times Red Box that the attack had been right at the line” of being racist.

Boris Johnson Trump

The two men share a number of evident qualities. Both create art out of chaos, packaging dishevelment and disarray into entertainment in the box office. Both hold a strange outsider status as wealth-born men railing against the very establishments they’ve spent their lives in.

The duals have remarkable hair heads. (The most frequently seen comment on Johnson’s YouTube appearance is that he looks like Trump’s English cousin). “Boris Johnson is a friend of mine. He was very, very nice to me, very supportive, “said President Donald Trump in July last year. After Johnson resigned as May’s Foreign Secretary.

Johnson seems to enjoy the limelight, like Trump and attracts controversy wherever he goes. He was once forced to apologize to the Papua New Guinea nation for comparing infighting with “Papua New Guinea-style cannibalism and chief-killing orgies”. in his Conservative Party. He was fired as a journalist for making up a quote.

Boris Johnson Policies

Writing for Prospect, Philip Collins suggested that Johnson and other Brexiters in the Conservative Party were “British Gaullists”.Who were “drawing on a conception of the nation. In which the dormant spirit of freedom is being reborn.” He suggested that this was a form of nationalism, though not of the “chauvinistic” variety.

Michael Hirsch compared Johnston with Trump in Politico, suggesting that they were both advocates of “new nationalism.” Johnston replied, “It’s not a nationalist if you mean that I’m a xenophobic or deprecating other countries and cultures.”

Purnell pointed out that Johnson “is nothing but an elitist.” In the title of the article”Long Live Elitism,” Johnson said, “without elites and elitism man would still be in his caves.” However, since the Brexit campaign, he criticized Brexit’s “elite cynicism,” described Brexit’s “elite conspiracy to thwart Brexit.” Further accused the elite of being “frankly indifferent to the suffering caused by their policies.” Therefore, some media sources called him a “populist”

Boris Johnson Telegraph

Having known its editor, Max Hastings, through his Oxford University presidency, Johnson secured a job at The Daily Telegraph’s leader-writing desk. His articles designed to appeal to the conservative, middle-class, middle-aged “Middle England” readership of the newspaper. Their distinctive style consists of literature full of old-fashioned words and phrases. That refers to the readership regularly as “my friends.”

The European Commission appointed Johnson to report to it. At the Brussels office of the newspaper in early 1989. Remaining in the post until 1994. A strong critic of Commission President Jacques Delors stated that he established himself as one of the city’s few Eurosceptic journalists.

Many of his fellow journalists there got critical of his articles. Opining that they often contained untruths designed to discredit the Commission. Chris Patten later stated that “one of the greatest exponents of fake journalism” Johnson.

In 2005, in order to compensate for this financial loss, Johnson persuaded The Daily Telegraph to raise his annual fee from £ 200,000 to £ 250,000, an average of £ 5,000 per column. Each of these took about an hour and a half of his time.

Johnson confided to Brian Paddick during the election campaign, of his uncertainty on how he would maintain his current lifestyle. While relying on £ 15 for the mayoral salary. He agreed to continue his Telegraph column alongside his job as mayor, earning an additional £ 250,000 a year.

His team believed this would cause controversy and promised to donate a fifth of his telegraph fee to a charitable cause. That would provide student bursaries. Johnson resented this, not paying a full fifth in the end. Controversy erupted When he was questioned about his Teleg.

Boris Johnson Column

The Daily Telegraph’s, sister publication, The Spectator, gave Johnson a regular column. It attracted mixed reviews and was often thought to be rushed. He also received a column on new cars in GQ magazine in 1999. Johnson behavior regularly upset his editors.  MR Boris frustrated The GQ’s by a large number of parking fines acquired while testing cars for them.

He was constantly late in providing his columns for The Telegraph and The Spectator. Forcing much staff to stay late to accommodate him; they related that if they went ahead and published without his work included, he would get angry and shout at them with expletives.

Johnson’s column received praise for being ideologically eclectic and distinguished in writing. The What the Papers Say awards named him a Commentator of the Year Award. He was also accused of bigotry. In one column, when referring to Africans, he used the words “pickaninnies” and “watermelon smiles”. Also championed European colonialism in Uganda, while in another he called gay men “tank-topped bum-boys”.

Boris Johnson Books

The Churchill Factor: How One Man Made History.
Seventy-Two Virgins.
Johnson’s Life of London: The People Who Made the City that Made the World.

The Dream of Rome by Boris Johnson (2006-01-29.
The Churchill Factor: How One Man Made History by Boris Johnson [2014-10-23].
Friends, Voters, Countrymen’ Jan 1, 2001.
Lend me your Ears by Boris Johnson (6-Oct-2003.

The Spirit of London by Boris Johnson (2012-12-06).
Shakespeare: The Riddle of Genius Boris Johnson.
Have I Got Views For You? (2006-07-03).

Life in the Fast Lane: The Johnson Guide to Cars Boris Johnson.
The Perils of the Pushy Parents: A Cautionary Tale Boris Johnson.
Drawing the Games: A Story of London 2012.

Boris Johnson Citizenship

Johnson had dual citizenship in the U.K. and the U.S. since he was born to English parents in New York City. In 2014. He acknowledged that he contested a demand for capital gains tax from the U.S. tax authorities, which ultimately paid. In February 2015, Johnson announced his intention to give up U.S. citizenship. In order to demonstrate his loyalty to the United Kingdom. He renounced his US citizenship in 2016.

Boris Johnson Funny

Private Eye editor, Ian Hislop defined him as “Beano Boris” due to his perceived comical nature, saying: “He’s our Berlusconi … Boris’ the only feel-good politician we have, everyone else is too busy being responsible.” To the journalist Dave Hill, Johnson was “a unique figure in British politics, an unprecedented blend of comedian, conman, faux subversive showman and populist media confection”.

Johnson deliberately cultivates a “semi-shambolic look,” for example by ruffling his hair specifically when he makes public appearances in a certain way. Purnell described him as “a manic self-promoter” who had “fun and jokes” filled his life.

Described as “a joker” by Crines. Mr. Johnson said that “humor is a utensil that you are using  to sugar the pill and to get important points across.” Purnell noted that he deflected serious questions using “a little humor and a good deal of bravado”. According to Gimson, Boris is “a humane man”.

Boris Johnson Family

Johnson is the eldest of the four children of Stanley Johnson, a former Conservative Member of the European Parliament and employee of the European Commission and the World Bank. And the painter Charlotte Johnson Wahl (née Fawcett), the daughter of Sir James Fawcett, a barrister, and president of the European Commission of Human Rights.

His younger siblings are Rachel Johnson, a writer, and a journalist.; Leo Johnson, a partner specializing in sustainability at accountancy firm PricewaterhouseCoopers; and Jo Johnson, the former Minister of State for Universities and Science and Conservative MP for Orpington.

His stepmother, Jenny, the second wife of his father, is the stepdaughter of Teddy Sieff, the former chairman of Marks & Spencer. In April 2017, Rachel Johnson joined the Liberal Democrats in protest against Conservative Brexit policies; she was a member of the Conservatives between 2008 and 2011.

Boris Johnson Wife

He married Allegra Mostyn-Owen in 1987, the art historian’s daughter William Mostyn-Owen and the Italian writer Gaia Servadio; dissolvement of the marriage was in 1993. He married barrister Marina Wheeler. Daughter of journalist and broadcaster Charles Wheeler and his wife, Dip Singh.

The families of the Wheeler and Johnson have known each other for decades. Marina Wheeler was with her future husband at the European School in Brussels. They have four kids: Lara and Cassia[ daughters]. Milo and Theodore[sons].

Johnson fathered a daughter with an art consultant, Helen MacIntyre, in 2009. The existence of the child was the subject of a lawsuit in 2013. An injunction seeking to ban the reporting of her existence; the judge ruled that the public had the right to know about his “reckless” behavior.

Boris Johnson Affair

After 25 years of marriage, BORIS and his wife Marina announced on Sep 8, 2018, that they are divorcing. The couple revealed they decided that it was in their “best interests” to separate. It came hours after Marina had booted her husband from home accusing him of cheating again. Boris and first wife Allegra Mostyn-Owen split when he had an affair with Marina Wheeler.

The two married in 1993. He got first caught out over his relationship with society writer Petronella Wyatt[ daughter of the late Labour grandee Lord Wyatt]. The affair lasted four years, while he was the editor of The Spectator and she was one of his columnists.

Petronella later told how she had an abortion and suffered a miscarriage. He described reports of their affair as an “inverted pyramid of piffle”.But was forced to quit as shadow arts minister and party vice-chairman in 2004.By then-Tory leader Michael Howard for failing to tell the whole truth about the affair.

Howard’s officials said the issue came out as one of “personal morality”.Furious Marina threw him out of their home in Highgate, North London. Later she took him back. However, his affairs did not end there. Pals said the Petsy affair overlapped with his romance with Anna Fazackerley. A journalist on the Times Educational Supplement.

The pair said to have had sex while at junior shadow education minister in 2005. On one occasion Boris got off a flight home from China to hook up with Ms. Fazackerley in Paris.his unlikely love life blew up again when he fathered a lovechild with arts consultant Helen Macintyre in 2009.

Marina chucked him out again – only to take him back once more. Full details of the affair emerged in court after Ms. Macintyre lost a three-year legal battle. seeking to stop the Press naming Boris as the father of her daughter Stephanie. Lawyers for the Daily Mail argued this as public interest because it “went to the issue of recklessness and whether on that account he was fit for public office”.

The Appeal Court also heard in 2013 that Ms. Macintyre’s conceived daughter is alleged to be the second child conceived as a result of Boris’s extra-marital affairs. One ex described his romancing style as “persistent”.

Boris Johnson  House

Johnson, with his sights firmly on 10 Downing Street, put on the market for £ 3.75 million his grade II Georgian house.  The towering house with an expansive outdoor garden is perched in an idyllic setting. By Regent’s Canal  Islington. The house will also go down in history as a site for Brexit Strategy meetings attended by Eurosceptics David Davis and Michael Gove.

For him, the property was something of a honeypot. He relocated to No 1 Carlton Gardens in Westminster when appointed Foreign Secretary in 2016. A£ 20 million residences that came with a top cabinet job. His five-floor lofty abode was, therefore, free to be rented. And the tenant was Warne McGregor, a prestigious choreographer of the Royal Ballet.

The house was Johnson’s marital home and his alienated wife, Marina Wheeler. The couple is currently divorced after last year’s formal split. he now spends most of his time in the South London flat of his girlfriend, Carrie Symonds, 31. A former Tory spin doctor.

The house comes with a greenery backdrop (the trees flanking the canal). As well as an area of 3,000 square feet. It is located just a stone’s throw away from popular spots such as Camden Passage, Upper Street, and Exmouth Market.

Boris Johnson Height

Mr. Johnson is one point seventy-five meters [1.75metres ]or 5’9″ feet.

Boris Johnson Net Worth

The net worth is about $ 2 million (£ 1.5 million) believed. He amassed this great wealth from his different jobs and was also born into a well-off family.

Boris Johnson Quotes

♦ “My chances of being PM are about as good as the chances of finding Elvis on Mars, or my being reincarnated as an olive.”
♦ “I’d like thousands of schools as good as the one I went to, Eton.”
What I worry about is that people are losing confidence, losing energy, losing enthusiasm, and there’s a real opportunity to get them into work.”

♦ “My policy on cake is pro having it and pro eating it.”
♦ “My speaking style was criticized by no less an authority than Arnold Schwarzenegger. It was a low moment, my friends, to have my rhetorical skills denounced by a monosyllabic Austrian cyborg.”

♦ “I love tennis with a passion. I challenged Boris Becker to a match once and he said he was up for it but he never called back. I bet I could make him run around.”
♦ “Voting Tory will cause your wife to have bigger breasts and increase your chances of owning a BMW M3.”

♦ “There is absolutely no one, apart from yourself, who can prevent you, in the middle of the night, from sneaking down to tidy up the edges of that hunk of cheese at the back of the fridge.”
♦ “The Lib Dems are not just empty. They are a void within a vacuum surrounded by a vast inanition.”

♦”Some people play the piano, some do Sudoku, some watch television, some people go out to dinner parties. I write books.”
♦ “I don’t see why people are so snooty about Channel 5. It has some respectable documentaries about the Second World War. It also devotes considerable airtime to investigations into lap-dancing and other related and vital subjects.”

♦ “I think I was once given cocaine but I sneezed so it didn’t go up to my nose. In fact, it may have been icing sugar.”
♦ “The dreadful truth is that when people come to see their MP they have run out of better ideas.”
♦ “I don’t believe that is necessarily any more dangerous than the many other risky things that people do with their free hands while driving – nose-picking, reading the paper, studying the A-Z, beating the children, and so on.”

♦ “I can’t sit down and negotiate with you on air when you’re holding a gun to Londoners’ head and threatening disruption to the greatest city on earth.”
♦ “We should be helping all those who can to join the ranks of the super-rich, and we should stop any bashing or moaning or preaching or bitching and simply give thanks for the prodigious sums of money that they are contributing to the tax revenues of this country, and that enable us to look after our sick and our elderly and to build roads, railways, and schools.”

♦ “If we judged everybody by the stupid, unguarded things they blurt out to their nearest and dearest, then we wouldn’t ever get anywhere.”
♦ “I’m backing David Cameron’s campaign out of pure, cynical self-interest.”

♦ “I realize that there may be some confusion in my prescriptions between what I would do, what Maggie would do, and what the government is about to do or is indeed already doing… I don’t think it many matters, because the three are likely to turn out to be one and the same.”

♦ “There is no point in wasting any more moral or mental energy in being jealous of the very rich. They are no happier than anyone else; they just have more money. We shouldn’t bother ourselves about why they want all this money, or why it is nicer to have a bath with gold taps. How does it hurt me, with my 20-year-old Toyota, if somebody else has a swish, Mercedes? We both get stuck in the same traffic.”